Anyone who is familiar with the geography of Wuhan knows that Wuhan is made up of
However, do you really understand why the three towns of Wuhan coexist and how they are integrated?
And Shanghai, Nanjing and Chongqing
First of all, Wuchang. The earliest establishment of Wuchang city originated from Shaxian County in the Western Han Dynasty. During the Three Kingdoms period, Wu Wang Sun Quan was in 221 AD
Wuchang area is called Ezhou
In the Ming Dynasty, Wuchang Road was changed to Wuchang Mansion, because it was the seat of both the Governor’s Yamen and the Provincial Three Siyamen, and also where the government (equivalent to a city) and county-level government offices are located.
The opposition between Jiangnan and Jiangbei began in Hanyang. "Hanyang" in ancient Chinese means "
江南与江北之间的对立始于汉阳。 “ Hanyang”在古代汉语中意为“
During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Emperor Guangwu began to establish Zhuanyang County in the present Hanyang area in 25 AD. In the second year of Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty (606), Zhuanyang County was officially renamed Hanyang County, and it was formally established in the following Tang Wude period. It faces Ezhou (now Wuchang) on the other side of the Yangtze River across the river, thus forming Jiangnan Jiangbei.
Hanyang County rose to Hanyang Prefecture in the Yuan Dynasty. In the Ming Dynasty, it was temporarily under the jurisdiction of Wuchang Prefecture, and after that, Hanyang Prefecture was re-established to govern the vast Jiangbei region including Hanyang County. In the Qing Dynasty, there was basically no change, and the parallel pattern of north and south continued.
Compared with Wuchang and Hanyang, the history of Hankou
Hanjiang water belt from Shaanxi
Han将water belt from SHA安息
Hankou’s real prosperity is from
So we can say that in the Qing Dynasty, Wuhan
Anyone who knows Zhang Zhidong knows that Zhang Zhidong served as the governor of Huguang in Wuchang, vigorously promoted the Westernization Movement, and built Wuhan into one of the few in old China.
Although in the Qing Dynasty
Zhang Zhidong's actions seemed to aggravate the opposition between the three towns, but it was actually out of the need for unified jurisdiction over the three towns. Before Zhang Zhidong took power in Wuhan, administrative management was already full of ills.
In addition, the establishment of official positions was complicated, and the official offices in Hanyang and Hankou appeared chaotic and politically out of order. Since the Second Opium War, the Qing government was forced to settle in Hankou
In order to unify the implementation of the laws and regulations of the three towns in Wuhan, improve the urban management mechanism, facilitate commerce and trade, shipping and transportation, railway construction, and dealing with foreigners, Zhang Zhidong adopted this
The newly established Xiakou Office is directly under the jurisdiction of the Hubei Provincial Administrative Center in Wuchang, and its jurisdiction is nearly larger than the original
It is precisely because the division of Hankou, Hanyang and Wuchang was established, the original administrative system problem was solved, and the vitality of Hankou's development was stimulated, which laid a solid foundation for the integration of the three towns.
It was only a few years after Zhang Zhidong left the post of Governor of Huguang, and the gunfire of the Revolution of 1911 sounded in Wuchang. After the Hubei New Army conquered the three towns of Wuhan, Li Yuanhong was appointed as the governor of the Hubei Army’s capital. In 1912, the newly established Republic of China carried out a
In 1926, the Guangzhou Nationalist Government launched the Northern Expedition, and the three towns of Wuhan were captured at the end of the year. In November, the KMT Central Political Committee decided to remove the capital from
Some friends may ask: Isn’t this combining Hanyang and Hankou again? This is not a reversal of history, but the National Government is preparing to make an epoch-making decision. After the Kuomintang Central Executive Committee and the National Government members gathered in Hankou, the temporary joint meeting ordered Hankou, Wuchang, and Hanyang to be designated as "Jingzhao Districts."
This is obviously a revolutionary regime trying to unify China. For the purpose of adapting to the national revolutionary situation and administering all parts of the country, it deliberately unified the three towns of Wuhan into a veritable Chinese capital.
Actually as early as
It is a pity that the Republic of China is not governed by peace. The counter-revolutionary events of the Wuhan Nationalist Government and the "Ning-Han Confluence" broke out successively, and Wuhan changed from the original center of the national revolution.
After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War in 1945, the newly established city of Wuchang
After such a toss, plus the late KMT’s
After a series of separation, separation and recombination, on May 16, 1949, the People’s Liberation Army
In 1950, Wuhan was changed to
Wuhan Jurisdiction in 1959
But so many counties were quickly split into
Finally, in 1983, after the reform and opening up, Wuhan welcomed two new friends: a friend from Xiaogan
So far, the pattern of Wuhan's urban construction has been settled. Practice has proved that the combination of the three towns of Wuhan is not only
In the ranking of cities in 2019, except for the central region